Gum Disease

Gum disease consists of two stages in the mouth. At first, the gums become red, inflamed, and irritated. This is what we describe as gingivitis of the gums. At this point, the bone and tissue in your mouth remain unharmed. The second stage of gum disease is known as periodontitis. At this stage, the tissue and bone in your mouth begin to pull away from the tooth leaving a deep pocket. The pockets that have occurred can now lead to bacteria-filled plaque growth under the gum line. If periodontitis is left untreated, the tooth will become loose, because there is no tissue or bone to hold it in place. This is the main reason that patients end up in full dentures.  Dr. Gupta likes to tell her patients that even if they never had a cavity in the their entire life, they CAN lose all their teeth due to gum disease and have to wear full dentures for the remainder of their lives.  We cannot stress to our patients enough how important it is to come to your regular dental visits twice a year in order to have your cleanings and checkups.  

  • Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, which is the first stage of gum disease also known as periodontitis.
  • Plaque surrounding the teeth causes the gums to become inflamed.
  • At first, the gums are only irritated, but no bone or tissue loss has occurred.
  • Periodontitis occurs after gingivitis has been left untreated. The tissue and bone begin to pull away from the tooth, which in turn, leave deep pockets.
  • These pockets can grow bacteria leading to infection. Plaque and bacteria can then grow under the gum line.
  • This can keep progressing until the tooth becomes loose, because there is no bone or tissue to hold it in place.
  • Plaque is the main cause of gum disease.
  • Regular cleanings twice a year, as well as proper brushing and flossing in the morning and at night, can prevent gum disease. Flossing removes plaque and food from underneath the gums and in between the teeth, while brushing will remove plaque from on top of the tooth. We suggest using an antibacterial mouthwash such as Listerine as well.

The main cause of gum disease is plaque and the bacteria in plaque. Plaque can build up on the tooth and under the gum line.

To prevent gum disease, we advise you to have a regular cleaning done every 6 months. It is also best to brush and floss in the morning and at night. Finish up by swishing with an antibacterial mouthwash for thirty seconds to help prevent the growth of bacteria.